Custom-Sewn Traditional Roman Catholic Vestments

“The Mass vestments were originally ordinary garments of the ancient Roman world. Although the fashions of dress changed with the passing centuries, the priest continued to wear at the altar the ancient Roman costume of his predecessors. Thus, the priest vested for Mass is a wonderful witness to the historical continuity of the Catholic Church of Rome, founded by the Prince of the Apostles.” – St. Joseph’s Daily Missal

Catholic vestments include not only the chasuble “the modern cloak,” but also a number of other pieces, a stole and a maniple. Originally, the stole was a large piece of linen cloth worn over the deacon’s left shoulder. Used to purify the sacred vessels, it was later replaced by a smaller cloth called a purificator. Today, the stole serves only a symbolic function. The maniple (Roman style) originally served a similar purpose to the stole. It was used to cleanse sacred vessels, but it was also used to wipe the celebrant’s eyes and mouth. It became an ornamental piece of the vestment in the 12th century.

The origins of the traditional Catholic vestment date back to the early Christians in Rome . Early Christian vestments were not unique. If fact, they were the garment of the day. The chasuble, a modern term, was a cape or cloak worn by everyday Roman citizens. In those days, the presbyters and deacons wore the same garment whether they were celebrating the Eucharist or tending to daily life. But over time, as garment styles changed, the early clergy deemed the new styles unsuitable for worship, and so they preserved the old style garments for their celebrations.

The Roman vestment of today, which was the Italian style of chasuble, dates back to the Middle Ages.

The original cloak was simply a large semicircular piece of fabric that covered the whole body with only an opening for the head. St. Paul mentions his cloak in the second Epistle to Timothy (4:13) when he writes, “The cloak that I left at Troas.” The cloak of that day was worn by the poor and middle class people who were not Roman citizens, and because they were not citizens, they were not permitted to wear the Roman toga.

The Gothic vestment of today dates back to the Gothic Revival period.

Liturgical vestments were neither invented by the Church or imitations of the Jewish clergy. The vestments simply evolved from the early Christian garb of Roman times and acquired a sacrificial significance because the early martyrs wore cloaks during the persecution. And thus today, the vestment is meant to be a continual reminder and tribute to the sufferings that the early Christians endured.

Marian Solemn Set

A Solemn High Mass is celebrated by a Priest who is assisted by a Deacon and Subdeacon, instead of Altar Servers. Most parts of the Mass are sung and incense is used. A complete set of Solemn High Mass vestments includes the following: a chasuble with stole, maniple, chalice veil and burse; a dalmatic with Deacon’s stole and maniple (worn by the Deacon); a tunicle with maniple (worn by the Subdeacon); and cope with humeral veil.

Green Vestments

Green is worn as a sign of hope, rebirth and eternal life.

  • Time after Epiphany
  • Time after Pentecost

White Vestments

White is the sum of all colors. It represents joy, innocence, purity, and glory.

  • Season of Christmas
  • Season of Easter
  • Feasts of Our Lord, other than His Passion
  • Feasts of Mary, the angels, and saints who were not martyrs
  • All Saints (Nov.1)
  • Feasts of the Apostles
  • Nuptial Masses
  • Masses for the dead (Requiem Masses) when the deceased is a baptized child who died before the age of reason

Rose Vestments

Rose is worn only two times a year. It lets us know that Christmas or Easter is almost here. It is a sign of Joy.

  • Gaudete Sunday (3rd Sunday of Advent)
  • Laetare Sunday (4th Sunday of Lent)

The Burse:

A flat, square container of cloth, the same color as the vestments, in which the corporal is carried to and from the altar. It is placed over the veil on top of the chalice.

The Chalice Veil:

A cloth covering, of the same color as the Chasuble, that conceals the chalice and paten up to the Offertory, and after the Communion.

The Chasuble:

The outer vestment put on over the others. Originally this was a very full garment, shaped like a bell and reaching almost to the feet all the way round. During a bad artistic period, the 18th and 19th centuries especially, the Chasuble suffered much from a process of shortening and stiffening. Today there is a return to the historical and beautiful, ample, nicely draping Chasubles. The Chasuble symbolizes the virtue of charity, and the yoke of unselfish service for the Lord, which the priest assumes at ordination.

The Damatic:

An outer, sleeved tunic that came to Rome from Dalmatia , whence its name. It is worn in place of the Chasuble, by the deacon and subdeacon during Solemn Mass. It symbolizes the joy and happiness that are the fruit of dedication to God.

The Maniple:

An ornamental vestment of colored silk or damask worn over the left forearm. Originally this vestment was a handkerchief carried in the left hand or thrown over the left arm. It symbolizes the labor and hardship the priest must expect in his ardent apostolate.

The Stole:

Roman magistrates wore a long scarf when engaged in their official duties, just as our judges wear a court gown. Whenever a priest celebrates Mass or administers the Sacraments, he wears the Stole as a sign that he is occupied with an official priestly duty. When placing the Stole about his neck, in vesting for Mass, the priest begs God to give him on the last day the “garment of immortality” that was forfeited by our sinful first parents.

Red Vestments

Red, the color of blood, signifies the fire of love towards God.

  • Feasts of the Lord’s Passion, Blood, and Cross
  • Feasts of the martyrs
  • Palm Sunday
  • Pentecost

Marian Vestments

Blue is Our Lady’s color. It is usually not the dominant color on the vestment.

Black Vestments

Black is worn during mourning and sadness.
  • All Soul’s Day
  • Masses for the dead (Requiem Masses) except for baptized children who have died before the age of reason

Gold Vestments

Gold signifies a solemn holy day.

Violet (Purple) Vestments

Violet shows sorrow, humility, and penitence.

  • Season of Advent
  • Season of Septuagesima
  • Season of Lent
  • Rogation Days
  • Ember Days (except for Pentecost Ember Days)
  • Vigils except for Ascension and Pentecost
  • Good Friday

Travel Vestments

Each set of compact travel vestments consists of two reversible Roman chasubles, two reversible stoles, two reversible chalice veils, and two fabric travel cases with snap closures. The fabric used is 100% polyester to minimize wrinkling. A reversible burse and/or reversible maniple can also be added if requested.

How To Order

At Custom Sewing by Peggy, each vestment (chasuble with stole, maniple, chalice veil, and burse; dalmatic with deacon’s stole; tunicle with maniple; cope with humeral veil) is made to order – each made to the customer’s satisfaction while working within that customer’s budget. How quickly an order can be sent out depends on several things.

 

  • Number of orders ahead of that particular order
  • Availability of materials
  • Complexity of vestment(s) to be sewn

 

More ornate vestments or those requiring more hand stitching would understandably require more time. The cost of a vestment set depends upon the cost of materials and the amount of labor involved. A close estimate of cost can be figured before a customer gives final approval.

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